stemming. Charles III was an active, working monarch with experienced first ministers to help reach decisions. Following Napoleon's deposing of the Bourbon dynasty, the ex-King, his wife, and former Prime Minister Godoy were held captive in France first at the château de Compiègne[6] and three years in Marseille (where a neighborhood was named after him). English: Charles IV of Spain (November 11, 1748 - January 20, 1819) was King of Spain. Twins, born and died at the Royal Palace of La Granja de San Ildefonso. Charles IV (Spanish: Carlos Antonio Pascual Francisco Javier Juan Nepomuceno José Januario Serafín Diego; 11 November 1748 – 20 January 1819) was King of Spain from 14 December 1788, until his abdication on 19 March 1808. add example. 14-24, Paul Gaffarel (1919) Le séjour de Charles IV d'Espagne à Marseille, Revue des Etudes Napoléoniennes, t. XVI, pp. folgte ihm 1788 als König von Spanien und sein anderer Sohn Ferdinand IV. 9. [7] After the collapse of the regime installed by Napoleon, Ferdinand VII was restored to the throne. Charles occupied himself with hunting in the period that saw the outbreak of the French Revolution, the executions of his Bourbon relative Louis XVI of France and his queen, Marie Antoinette, and the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte. fVZ/VZ. [2], Charles was the second son of Charles III and his wife, Maria Amalia of Saxony. The former Charles IV drifted about Europe[26] until 1812, when he finally settled in Rome, in the Palazzo Barberini. His elder brother, Don Felipe, was passed over for both thrones, due to his learning disabilities and epilepsy. 8 Reales Charles IV d’Espagne 1803 PERU PERU Lima 1803 (39mm, 27,31g, 12h) fVZ/VZ MA-Shop Kauf mit Garantie Angebot mit Münzen und Medaillen von der Antike bis zum Euro. Charles married Marie-Amélie D'Espagne (born De Saxe). CHARLESmarried Marie Louise D ESPAGNE (born de BOURBON PARME). In Verbindung stehende Artikel. Charles III did not equip his son and heir, Charles IV with skills or experience in governance. [2] Even though he had a profound belief in the sanctity of his office, and kept up the appearance of an absolute, powerful monarch, Charles never took more than a passive part in his own government. In 1792, political and personal enemies ousted Floridablanca from office, replacing him with Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea, Count of Aranda. Comte d’Espanya i capità general de Catalunya (1827-32). p. 151. CHARLES IV D ESPAGNE, 1748 - 1819CHARLES IVD ESPAGNE17481819 CHARLES IV D ESPAGNEwas born on month day1748, at birth place. remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. [19] The decree was in abeyance once Charles and Ferdinand abdicated, but it undermined elite support while in force. and his wife Maria Amelia of Saxony, was born at Portici on the 11th of November 1748, while his father was king of the Two Sicilies. In foreign policy Godoy continued Abarca de Bolea's policy of neutrality toward as France, but after Spain protested the execution of Louis XVI of France, the deposed king, in 1793, France declared war on Spain. Alain Raisonnier, Claudie Ressort (2009) Le séjour de Charles IV et de la Cour d'Espagne au Palais de Compiègne en 1808-1809, Annales Historiques compiégnoises, n° 113-114, pp. Journal of Latin American Studies 1.2 (1969): 85-113. In Naples and Sicily, Charles was referred to as the Prince of Taranto. Charles IV was King of Spain and the Spanish Empire from 14 December 1788, until 19 March 1808. The aim of these policies was to create in Spain yeoman farmers, who would pursue their self-interest and make agricultural land more productive. Economic troubles, rumors about a sexual relationship between the Queen and Godoy, and the King's ineptitude, caused the monarchy to decline in prestige among the population. Historia mexicana (2006): 373-425. Charles was considered by many to have been amiable, but simple-minded. Nicht verfügbar. Humboldt's Political Essay on the Kingdom of New Spain was a key publication from his five-year travels. Die Seite drucken. Palazón, Juan Manuel Abascal (2010) (in es). Riots, and a popular revolt at the winter palace Aranjuez, in 1808 forced the king to abdicate on 19 March, in favor of his son. Hamnett, Brian R. "The Appropriation of Mexican Church Wealth by the Spanish Bourbon Government--The Consolidación de Vales Reales', 1805-1809." The reign of Charles IV turned out to be a major turning point in Spanish history. Alain Raisonnier, Claudie Ressort (2009) Le séjour de Charles IV et de la Cour d'Espagne au Palais de Compiègne en 1808-1809, Annales Historiques compiégnoises, n° 113-114, pp. Sir Francis Ronalds included a detailed description of the funeral in his travel journal. Español: Carlos IV de España (11 de Noviembre de 1748 - † 20 de Enero de 1819) fue rey de España. Charles IV (Carlos Antonio Pascual Francisco Javier Juan Nepomuceno José Januario Serafín Diego; 11 November 1748 – 20 January 1819) was King of Spain and the Spanish Empire from 14 December 1788, until 19 March 1808. Skip to main content. (de), Κάρολος Δ΄ της Ισπανίας (el), Charles IV of Spain (1788-1808) (en), Karlo la 4-a (eo), Carlos IV de España (es), Karlos IV.a Espainiakoa (eu), کارلوس چهارم اسپانیا (fa), Kaarle IV (fi), Charles IV d'Espagne (fr), Carlos IV de España (gl), Karlo IV., španjolski kralj (hr), IV. Russell, Craig H. "Spain in the Enlightenment. Spain and Portugal:A Reference Guide from the Renaissance to the Present. [4] Ferdinand took the throne as Ferdinand VII, but was mistrusted by Napoleon, who had 100,000 soldiers stationed in Spain by that time. Cabaler d’una família de la petita noblesa, arran de la Revolució Francesa passà amb els seus pares a Anglaterra i, més tard, a Mallorca (1792), on el 1801 es casà amb Dionísia Rossinyol de Defla i Comelles. Charles IV married his first cousin Maria Louisa, the daughter of Philip, Duke of Parma, in 1765. Born at the Royal Palace of Aranjuez, he married. Charles IV d'Espagne (French Edition): 9786136403946: Books - Amazon.ca. "Peninsular finance and colonial trade: The dilemma of Charles IV's Spain." The couple had fourteen children, six of whom survived into adulthood: Template:Infantes of Spain CHARLES IV., king of Spain, born in Naples, Nov. 12, 1748, died in Rome, Jan. 19, 1819. In 1788, Charles III died and Charles IV succeeded to the throne. Documents of Charles D'Espagne. [25] After the collapse of the regime installed by Napoleon, Ferdinand VII was restored to the throne. Anxious to take over from his father, and jealous of the prime minister, Crown Prince Ferdinand attempted to overthrow the King in an aborted coup in 1807. Généalogie des Rois de France, Rois d'Espagne, Rois du Portugal, Rois d'Angleterre Portrait of Charles IV in Palace of Caserta. However, after Napoleon's victory over Prussia in 1807, Godoy again steered Spain back onto the French side. November 1748; † 19. As a consequence, Spain became one of the maritime empires to have been allied with Republican France in the French Revolutionary War, and for a considerable duration.[21]. [8] He was painted by Francisco Goya in a number of official court portraits, which numerous art critics have seen as satires on the King's stout vacuity.[13]. Il succéda à son père Charles III à la mort de ce dernier le 14 décembre 1788. Married, Born at the Royal Palace of Aranjuez and died at El Escorial. Lynch, "Charles IV and the Crisis of Bourbon Spain", Chapter 10, María Pilar de San Pío Aladrén and María Dolores Higueras Rodríguez (eds. pg 10–17, The Royal Favorite: Manuel Francisco Domingo de Godoy, Prince of the Peace, "Exorcising Goya's "The Family of Charles IV"", https://historipediaofficial.wikia.org/wiki/Charles_IV_of_Spain?oldid=20086, Carlos Antonio Pascual Francisco Javier Juan Nepomuceno José Januario Serafín Diego, Born at the Royal Palace of Aranjuez, she married her uncle, Born at the Royal Palace of La Granja de San Ildefonso, she married. [31][32], Well-meaning and pious, Charles IV floundered in a series of international crises beyond his capacity to handle. This switching of alliances devalued Charles' position as a trustworthy ally, increasing Godoy's unpopularity, and strengthening the fernandistas (supporters of Crown Prince Ferdinand), who favoured an alliance with the United Kingdom. [1] He was called El Cazador (meaning "the Hunter"), due to his preference for sport and hunting, rather than dealing with affairs of the state. Januar 1819) war König von Spanien. Španělský (cs); Karlo IV, kralj Španije (bs); Carlos IV d'Espanya (an); Charles IV d'Espagne (fr); Karlo IV., španjolski kralj (hr); कार्लोस चौथा (mr); Carlos IV của Tây Ban Nha (vi); Karloss IV (lv); Карло IV од Шпаније (sr); 卡洛斯四世 (zh-sg); Karl IV av Spania (nb); Charles IV of Spain (en); كارلوس الرابع (ar); Carlos IV (br); 卡洛斯四世 (yue); IV. als König von Neapel und beider Sizilien (1759-1825). Artikel auf unserem Online-Shop verkauft. [9][10][11][12][13][14] The Balmis Expedition was also authorized, aimed at vaccinating Spain's overseas territories against smallpox. He was born in Naples (11 November 1748), while his father was King of Naples and Sicily. [3] He was called El Cazador (meaning "the Hunter"), due to his preference for sport and hunting, rather than dealing with affairs of the state. Upon ascending to the throne, Charles IV intended to maintain the policies of his father, and retained his prime minister, the Count of Floridablanca, in office. However, in the wake of the war against Republican France, the liberal-leaning Count of Aranda was himself replaced by Manuel de Godoy, a favourite of the Queen and widely believed to be her lover, who enjoyed the lasting favor of the King. 14-24, Paul Gaffarel (1919) Le séjour de Charles IV d'Espagne à Marseille, Revue des Etudes Napoléoniennes, t. XVI, pp. Charles IV d'Espagne fut roi d'Espagne du 14 décembre 1788 au 19 mars 1808. Summoned to Bayonne by Napoleon Bonaparte, who forced Ferdinand VII to abdicate, Charles IV also abdicated, paving the way for Napoleon to place his older brother Joseph Bonaparte on the throne of Spain. The Journal of Economic History 4.1 (1944): 21–48. EMBED. The former Charles IV drifted about Europe[8] until 1812, when he finally settled in Rome, in the Palazzo Barberini. Griffin, Julia Ortiz; Griffin, William D. (2007). [23], Following Napoleon's deposing of the Bourbon dynasty, the ex-King, his wife, and former Prime Minister Godoy were held captive in France first at the château de Compiègne[24] and three years in Marseille (where a neighborhood was named after him). The Malaspina Expedition (1789–94) was an important scientific expedition headed by Spanish naval commander Alejandro Malaspina, with naturalists and botanical illustrators gathering information for the Spanish crown. Jovellanos also argued for the abolition of entailed properties (mayorazgos), which allowed landed estates to pass undivided through generations of aristocrats, as well as sale of lands held by the Catholic Church. Napoleon forced both Charles and his son to abdicate, declared the Bourbon dynasty of Spain deposed, and installed his brother, Joseph Bonaparte, as King Joseph I of Spain.[5]. After the declaration, Portugal and Spain signed a treaty of mutual protection against France. When Manuel Godoy, a handsome private in the body guards, became her lover, she contrived to make him the friend of her husband; and she succeeded so well … [Charles IV d'Espagne et sa famille] Item Preview BSG_EST94RES_P67A.jpg . In 1799, he authorized Prussian aristocrat and scientist Alexander von Humboldt to travel freely in Spanish America, with royal officials encouraged to aid him in his investigation of key areas of Spain's empire.

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